Musée National Eugène Delacroix
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Aurore Dupin, Baroness Dudevant, known as George Sand (1804–1876)

Luigi Calamatta, Portrait of George Sand
Luigi Calamatta, Portrait of George Sand

© RMN / F. Raux

Born is Paris, but raised in the Berry by her grandmother, George Sand became successful in 1832 with her first intesnely romantic novel, Indiana.

She then turned toward realism (Cadio, 1868) and even toward naturalism (Francia, 1872). Her best-known works are pastoral novels, notably The Devil’s Pond (1846), Francis the Waif (1847/48), and Fadette (1849). A feminist, she separated from her husband in 1836, went to Paris, and had a number of lovers, including Jules Sandeau, Musset, and Chopin. She courted scandal by dressing as a man, smoking cigars, and displaying highly independent behavior. Under the reign of Louis-Philippe, she became an advocate of socialism. In 1846, George Sand retired to her property, Nohant, and died thirty years later after a serene old age. Starting in 1838, Delacroix spent an increasing amount of time in George Sand’s circle and traveled to Nohant three times.

They had a sincere friendship and corresponded regularly until Delacroix’s death.

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