A student of François-Joseph Heim and of Ingres, Jules-Claude Ziegler exhibited his first works in 1828 and 1829.
In 1830, he traveled to Italy and then to Germany, where he learned fresco painting with Peter von Cornelius. Named chargé de mission by the government in 1834, he studied ceramics and stained-glass painting in Germany.
On his return, he founded an artistic stoneware works inspired by sixteenth- and seventeenth-century German stoneware in Voisinlieu, near Beauvais. From 1835 to 1838, he painted the dome of the Madeleine church in Paris.